War in London


London bombing during WW2

London was bombed more than any other British city. ‘Throughout WW2 it had 101 daylight and 253-night attacks by the Luftwaffe.

From the end of the London blitz in the summer of 1941 to the early spring of 1944 was known as 'The Lull'. There were occasional raids carried out by the Luftwaffe but nothing on the scale of the Blitz 1940 - 1941bombing. In January 1944this changed.

In retaliation for the Allied bombing of german cities, the Luftwaffe once again resumed the attack on London in force.

‘In Civil Defence EVERYBODY has a part to play. This is specially true of fire-fighting. In every house there should be one or more people ready to tackle a fire bomb.’

Civil Defence No. 5, ‘Fire Precaution in War Time’, Public Information Leaflet, 1939.

Air Raid Precautions (ARP) & The Civil Defence Service

Air Raid Precautions (ARP) were organised by the national government and delivered by the local authorities. The aim was to protect civilians from the danger of air-raids.

The Civil Defence Service was a civilian volunteer organisation in Great Britain during World War II. Established by the Home Office in 1935 as Air Raid Precautions (ARP), its name was officially changed to the Civil Defence Service (CD) in 1941.

Wardens were trained in everything they might need. Rescue work, organization, elementary first aid, and bomb protection as well as ARP procedures